Bloodborne Pathogens – Review

Bloodborne Pathogens
  Viruses, Bacteria, Parasites

Pathogens:
  Hepatitis A, B, C Virus
  Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  Other disease pathogens
  Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
    AIDS is the final stage of HIV, caused by damage to the immune system.

Difference between Acute and Chronic
Acute: First time infected.
Chronic: Second time infected, or more.

OSHA required Prevention:
  Engineering Controls
  Work Practices
  Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  Universal Precautions
 Body Substance Isolation (BSI)

Engineering Controls
  Labeling of Infectious materials, cleaning, disposing, documenting, containment.

Sharp with Engineered Sharps Injury Protections (SESIP)
  Retractable needles, retractable finger-prick, needleless systems.

Proper recapping of needles
 One-handed motion
  Mechanical device

Injury
  Document injury
  Testing—successions
 Safe sexual contact
  Therapy/Counseling
  Stop breastfeeding
  Immediate evaluation of presumed illnesses

Work Practices
 Proper usage of tools
 Workstation and environment
  Personal Protective Equipment

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
 Equipment used for prevention of Bloodborne Pathogens and OPIM’s.

Universal Precautions
All blood and other body fluids are to be considered infected besides:
 Vomit, Nasal Fluids, Sweat, Tears, Saliva, Sputum, Urine

Body Substance Isolation (BSI)
BSI practices are used to lessen the chances of transmissions of any diseases and/or infections—all fluids are to be suspected of infectious diseases.

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