Viruses, Bacteria, Parasites
• Hepatitis A, B, C Virus
• Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
• Other disease pathogens
• Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
AIDS is the final stage of HIV, caused by damage to the immune system.
Difference between Acute and Chronic
Acute: First time infected.
Chronic: Second time infected, or more.
OSHA required Prevention:
• Engineering Controls
• Work Practices
• Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
• Universal Precautions
• Body Substance Isolation (BSI)
• Labeling of Infectious materials, cleaning, disposing, documenting, containment.
Sharp with Engineered Sharps Injury Protections (SESIP)
• Retractable needles, retractable finger-prick, needleless systems.
Proper recapping of needles
• One-handed motion
• Mechanical device
• Document injury
• Safe sexual contact
• Stop breastfeeding
• Immediate evaluation of presumed illnesses
• Proper usage of tools
• Workstation and environment
• Personal Protective Equipment
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
• Equipment used for prevention of Bloodborne Pathogens and OPIM’s.
All blood and other body fluids are to be considered infected besides:
• Vomit, Nasal Fluids, Sweat, Tears, Saliva, Sputum, Urine
Body Substance Isolation (BSI)
BSI practices are used to lessen the chances of transmissions of any diseases and/or infections—all fluids are to be suspected of infectious diseases.